अकबर का जन्म उस समय हुआ था, जब भारत से ईरान जाने के क्रम में लगभग 1 साल के लिए हुमाँयू अपने परिवार और अन्य बचे खुचे सैनिकों के साथ अमरकोट में राजा राणा प्रसाद की शरण में रहा था।
The Biographical Dictionary of the Society, Volume 1, Part 2
By Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain)
“AKBAR (Jalal-ud-din Mohammed), the greatest and the wisest of all the monarchs who have swayed the sceptre of Hindustan. At the early age of thirteen he succeeded his father Humayun on the 15th of February, 1556. Most of the few years which he then numbered had been passed in the school of adversity. About the time of Akbar’s birth, his father Humayun, a mild and lenient prince, was deprived of his kingdom through the restless ambition of his brothers Kamran and Hindal. The dissensions thus excited enabled Sher Khan, a Patan or Afghan chief, to usurp the government of India. Humayun, attended by a few faithful adherents, became a wanderer and an exile.
In his flight through the western desert towards the banks of the Indus, he and his little band experienced a train of calamities almost unparalleled. The country through which they fled being an entire desert of sand, they were in the utmost distress for water.
Some went mad, others fell down dead. At length those that lived reached the town of Amerkote, where, on the 14th of October, 1542, the wife of Humayun, one of the few survivors of his party, gave birth to a son, Akbar.
Humayun sought shelter in Persia, where he was hospitably received by Shah Tahmasp. After twelve years exile, he was once more restored to his father’s throne at Delhi, but in less than a year he fell down as he was about to descend the marble stairs of his palace, and was so severely hurt that he died in a few days. When Akbar ascended the throne the whole empire of India was in a very distracted state; and though he was possessed of unusual intelligence for his age, he was incapable of administering the government. Sensible of his own inexperience, he conferred on Bahram Khan, a Turkoman noble who had ever proved faithful to his late father, a title and power equivalent to that of regent or protector. At the same time he required of that chief to swear on his part, by the soul of the late Humayun and by the head of his own son, that he would be faithful to his trust. Bahram for some time proved himself worthy of the young king’s choice. His experience in military affairs and the boldness and vigour of his government enabled him to surmount difficulties which would have overwhelmed a man less determined. But Bahram was more of the soldier than statesman, and there were numerous complaints of his arbitrary, if not cruel disposition, though these qualities were essential for maintaining subordination in his army, which consisted of licentious adventurers, and for quelling the rebellious chiefs who abounded in every province of the empire. In the course of a few years the energy of Bahram succeeded in restoring the country to comparative tranquility. Hitherto his domination was submitted to even by Akbar himself, because the general safety depended on his exercise of it; but now that tranquility was restored, the pressure of his rule became less tolerable. The king, now advancing towards manhood, began to exhibit his impatience of the insignificance in which he was held by his haughty minister, and openly expressed his indignation at the injustice of some acts of his arbitrary power. He therefore in 1558, at the age of sixteen, made a successful effort to deliver himself from the thralldom which he had hitherto endured. He concerted a plan with those around him, and took occasion, when on a hunting party, to make an unexpected journey from Agra to Delhi on the plea of the sudden illness of his mother. He was no sooner beyond the reach of his minister’s influence than he issued a proclamation announcing that he had taken the government into his own hands, and forbidding obedience to any orders not issued under his own seal. The proud Bahram perceived, when too late, that his authority was at an end. He endeavoured to establish an independent principality in Malwa; but after two years of unsuccessful rebellion he came, in the utmost distress, to throw himself at the feet of his sovereign. Akbar, mindful of his former services, raised him with his own hands, and placed him in his former station at the head of the nobles. He gave him his choice of a high military command in a distant province or an honoured station at court. Bahram replied that the king’s clemency and forgiveness were a sufficient reward for his former services, and that he now wished to turn his thoughts from this world to another. He therefore begged that his majesty would afford him the means of performing the pilgrimage to Mecca. The king assented, and ordered a proper retinue to attend him, at the same time assigning him a pension of fifty thousand rupees.”
Akbar’s Birth : fake matter of spreading disgust.
आपसी घृणा फैलाने के लिए लोग किस हद तक इतिहास के साथ छेडछाड कर सकते हैं, इसका एक ताजा उदाहरण है अकबर के जन्म की कथा। आज कुछ दिनों से यह नफरत फैलायी जी रही है कि शेरशाह ने हुमाँयू को 1540 ई.मे हिन्दुस्तान से खदेड दिया ओर वह पाँच साल तक पर्शिया मे रहा। अकबर का जन्म 1542 ई. मे हुआ। इस कथन का एक ही अर्थ है कि अकबर को हुमाँयू का बेटा मानने के लिए ये लोग तैयार नहीं है। continue reading>>